The Impact of 9/11 and the War on Terror on Arab and Muslim Children and Families

Selcuk R. Sirin, Elysia Choi, Canan Tugberk

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Purpose of Review: There is a growing body of work that documents the impact of 9/11 and the war on terror on Arab and Muslim children and families. This review is designed to provide a brief overview and suggest new ways to better understand this understudied population. Recent Findings: Several studies show anti-Arab and anti-Muslim sentiments at its highest levels since 9/11. There is strong evidence that Arab and Muslim children and families experience some of the highest levels of discrimination, and as a result, they report higher levels of mental health symptoms. Summary: Given the limited data, we need future studies (a) to focus on populations outside of the USA and Europe; (b) to use longitudinal designs; (c) to pay attention to within group variations by race, gender, social class, and immigration status; and (d) to use culturally validated instruments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number47
JournalCurrent Psychiatry Reports
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2021


  • Arab
  • Discrimination
  • Families
  • Immigrant
  • Muslim
  • Resilience
  • Islam
  • Europe
  • Humans
  • Mental Disorders
  • Arabs
  • Child

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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