The impact of a computer network on pediatric pain and anxiety: A randomized controlled clinical trial

Gary Holden, David J. Bearison, Diane C. Rode, Merri Fishman Kapiloff, Gary Rosenberg, Jaime Rosenzweig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This was the third randomized controlled clinical trial (RCCT) of Starbright World (SBW)-a private, interactive computer network for hospitalized children. The present randomized controlled clinical trial (RCCT) consisted of a series of 39 replicated single system designs (SSDs) that compared children's self-reports of pain intensity, pain aversiveness and anxiety in the SBW condition with those in a standard clinical practice condition. Findings from the SSDs were aggregated using meta-analysis. Although children experienced slightly less pain intensity, pain aversiveness, and anxiety in the SBW condition, these results did not achieve statistical significance. The relationship of these findings to the two prior studies of the effectiveness of SBW is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-33
Number of pages13
JournalSocial Work in Health Care
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2002

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Children
  • Meta-analysis
  • Pain
  • Randomized controlled clinical trial
  • SSD
  • Single system design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Community and Home Care
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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