The impact of leader turnover on the onset and the resolution of WTO disputes

Talya Bobick, Alastair Smith

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    When national leaders are replaced, the incoming leader often represents different interests to those of his predecessor. Such shifts in national priorities affect both the onset of WTO disputes and the resolution of ongoing disputes. In particular, leader turnover increases the likelihood that a nation will be involved in a WTO dispute as either plaintiff or defendant, and, if a dispute is ongoing, then leader change in a defendant state increases the likelihood of significant concessions by the defendant. The impact of leader change on both the initiation and settlement of disputes is greater in non-democratic states than democratic states.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)423-445
    Number of pages23
    JournalReview of International Organizations
    Issue number4
    StatePublished - Dec 2013


    • Dispute onset
    • Dispute resolution
    • Leader change
    • WTO

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Economics and Econometrics
    • Political Science and International Relations


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