The Impact of Mobile Blockers on Millimeter Wave Cellular Systems

Ish Kumar Jain, Rajeev Kumar, Shivendra S. Panwar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Millimeter wave communication systems can provide high data rates, but the system performance may degrade significantly due to interruptions by mobile blockers, such as humans or vehicles. High-frequency interruptions and lengthy blockage durations will degrade the quality of the user's experience. A promising solution is to employ the macrodiversity of base stations (BSs), where the user equipment (UE) can handover to other available BSs if the current serving BS gets blocked. However, an analytical model to evaluate the system performance of dynamic blockage events in this setting is unknown. In this paper, we develop a line-of-sight (LOS) dynamic blockage model and evaluate the probability, duration, and frequency of blockage events considering all the links to the UE which are not blocked by buildings or the user's own body. For a dense urban area, we also analyze the impact of non-LOS links on blockage events. Our results indicate that the minimum density of the BS required to satisfy the quality of service requirements of ultra-reliable low-latency communication applications will be driven mainly by blockage and latency constraints, rather than coverage or capacity requirements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8643739
Pages (from-to)854-868
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2019


  • 5G
  • LOS
  • Macrodiversity
  • NLOS
  • QoS
  • mmWave
  • mobile blockers
  • network planning
  • reliability
  • self-blockage
  • static blockages
  • stochastic geometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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