The impact of past relationships on interpersonal behavior: Behavioral confirmation in the social-cognitive process of transference

Michele S. Berk, Susan M. Andersen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study extended research on transference in social perception (e.g., S. M. Andersen, I. Reznìk, & L. M. Manzella, 1996) into the realm of social behavior by examining behavioral confirmation (e.g., M. Snyder, 1992) in transference. Each perceiver participated in a brief conversation with a naive target participant, who either did or did not appear to resemble the perceiver's own positively or negatively regarded significant other. Trained judges rated positive affect expressed in targets' behavior. As predicted, targets expressed more positive affect in their behavior when they allegedly resembled the perceiver's own positively versus negatively toned significant other, an effect not found in the control condition. This evidence demonstrates behavioral confirmation in transference, suggesting a means by which present relationships may resemble past ones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)546-562
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Volume79
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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