The aim of this study was to evaluate mechanically and morphologically the effect of a specific peptide sequence P-15, when incorporated into implant surfaces. Three types of implants were used for the study: Group A: commercially pure titanium implant (blasted and acid etched) + electrochemical thin calcium phosphate deposition, Group B: commercially pure titanium implant (blasted and acid etched) + electrochemical thin calcium phosphate deposition + P-15 incorporation, and as control, Group C: commercially pure titanium implant (blasted and acid etched). After a topographical characterization, transcortical osteotomies were made, and all implant groups (102 implants per group) were randomly placed bilaterally in the tibiae of adult beagle dogs (n = 24). At, 1, 2, and 4 weeks post-surgery, the animals were sacrificed and the samples were retrieved for removal torque tests, for nano indentation, and for histomorphometrical analysis. The results (mean ± 95% CI) showed that Group B (34.4 ± 8.7%) presented statistically higher bone-to-implant contact than the other groups (A = 23.9 ± 7.8%; C = 21.7 ± 8.3%) at 1 week, indicating an enhanced osteogenesis due to the peptide incorporation. The results suggested that the incorporation of P-15 to implant surfaces increased its bioactivity and the effects were notable especially in the early stages of the healing process.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials|
|State||Published - Apr 2014|
- in vivo
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering