The Influence of Implant Design Features on the Bone Healing Pathway: An Experimental Study in Sheep

Edmara T.P. Bergamo, Paula G.F.P. de Oliveira, Ryo Jimbo, Rodrigo Neiva, Luiz F. Gil, Nick Tovar, Lukasz Witek, Estevam A. Bonfante, Paulo G. Coelho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study evaluated how implant design features influence osseointegration. Two implant macrogeometries and surface treatments were evaluated: (1) progressive buttress threads with an SLActive surface (SLActive/BL), and (2) inner and outer trapezoidal threads with a nanohydroxyapatite coating over a dual acid-etched surface (Nano/U). Implants were placed in the right ilium of 12 sheep, and histologic and -metric analyses were conducted after 12 weeks. Percentages of bone-to-implant contact (BIC) and bone area fraction occupancy (BAFO) within the threads were quantified. Histologically, the SLActive/BL group showed greater and more intimate BIC than the Nano/U group. In contrast, Nano/U group depicted woven bone formation within the healing chambers, between the osteotomy wall and implant threads, and bone remodeling was evident at the outer thread tip. Significantly higher BAFO was seen in the Nano/U group than the SLActive/BL group at 12 weeks (P < .042). Different implant design features influenced the osseointegration pathway, supporting further investigations to describe the differences and clinical performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)337-343
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Periodontics and Restorative Dentistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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