This study evaluated how implant design features influence osseointegration. Two implant macrogeometries and surface treatments were evaluated: (1) progressive buttress threads with an SLActive surface (SLActive/BL), and (2) inner and outer trapezoidal threads with a nanohydroxyapatite coating over a dual acid-etched surface (Nano/U). Implants were placed in the right ilium of 12 sheep, and histologic and -metric analyses were conducted after 12 weeks. Percentages of bone-to-implant contact (BIC) and bone area fraction occupancy (BAFO) within the threads were quantified. Histologically, the SLActive/BL group showed greater and more intimate BIC than the Nano/U group. In contrast, Nano/U group depicted woven bone formation within the healing chambers, between the osteotomy wall and implant threads, and bone remodeling was evident at the outer thread tip. Significantly higher BAFO was seen in the Nano/U group than the SLActive/BL group at 12 weeks (P < .042). Different implant design features influenced the osseointegration pathway, supporting further investigations to describe the differences and clinical performance.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||International Journal of Periodontics and Restorative Dentistry|
|State||Published - May 2023|
ASJC Scopus subject areas