The influence of platform switching on the biomechanical aspects of the implant-abutment system. A three dimensional finite element study

Luigi Canullo, Francesco Pace, Paulo Coelho, Enrico Sciubba, Iole Vozza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the biomechanical scenario of platform switching geometric implant-abutment configuration relative to standard configurations by means of finite element analysis.Study Design: A 3D Finite Element Analysis (FEA) was performed on 3 different implant-abutment configurations: a 3.8 mm implant with a matching diameter abutment (Standard Control Design, SCD), a 5.5 mm implant with matching diameter abutment (Wider Control Design, WCD), and a 5.5mm implant with a 3.8 mm abutment (Experimental Design, ED). All the different experimental groups were discretized to over 60000 elements and 100000 nodes, and 130N vertical (axial) and 90N horizontal loads were applied on the coronal portion of the abutment. Von Mises stresses were evaluated and maximum and minimum values were acquired for each implantabutment configuration. Results: The load-induced Von Mises stress (maximum to minumum ranges) on the implant ranged from 150 MPa to 58 Pa (SCD); 45 MPa to 55 Pa (WCD); 190 MPa to 64 Pa (ED). The Von Mises stress on the abutment ranged from 150 MPa to 52 MPa (SCD); 70 MPa to 55 MPa (WCD), and 85 MPa to 42 MPa respectively (ED). The maximum stresses transmitted from the implant-abutment system to the cortical and trabecular bone were 67 Pa and 52 MPa (SCD); 54 Pa and 27 MPa (WCD); 64 Pa and 42 MPa (ED), respectively. When the implant body was evaluated for stresses, a substantial decrease in their levels were observed at the threaded implant region due to the diametral mismatch between implant and abutment for the ED configuration. Conclusion: The platform switching configuration led to not only to a relative decrease in stress levels compared to narrow and wide standard configurations, but also to a notable stress field shift from bone towards the implant system, potentially resulting in lower crestal bone overloading.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)852-856
Number of pages5
JournalMedicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

Keywords

  • Bone mechanical response
  • Finite element analysis
  • Implant-abutment stres
  • Platform switching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)

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