The influence of substance use, social sexual environment, psychosocial factors, and partner characteristics on high-risk sexual behavior among young black and Latino men who have sex with men living with HIV: A qualitative study

Nancy Vandevanter, Alexandra Duncan, Tiphani Burrell-Piggott, Amy Bleakley, Jeffrey Birnbaum, Karolynn Siegel, Helen Marie Lekas, Eric Schrimshaw, Alwyn Cohall, Destiny Ramjohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Understanding the sexual risk behaviors of youths living with HIV/AIDS is critical to secondary prevention of HIV. As part of a larger qualitative study of youths living with HIV, in-depth interviews were conducted with 27 African American and Latino, HIV-infected young men who have sex with men, aged 16-24 years, living in New York City. The study explored the role of substance use, the social-sexual-environmental, and psychological contexts in which sexual risk behaviors occurred. Since learning of their HIV infection, the majority of participants had reduced their risky sexual behaviors; however, a subset (26%) of participants continued to have unprotected sex, in most cases with multiple partners. Substance use, the social environmental context of the sexual encounter, the psychological impact of HIV on sexual behavior, and partner characteristics were associated with high-risk sexual behaviors in this group. Among high-risk participants, factors associated with risky sexual behaviors clustered, with 57% reporting two or more factors. More intensive interventions are needed for this subset of youths living with HIV, including assessment and treatment for substance use and mental health issues, strategies for stress reduction, and partner interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-121
Number of pages9
JournalAIDS patient care and STDs
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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