The Ionization of the Warm Gas in Early-type Galaxies and Its UV Upturn

Renbin Yan, Michael R. Blanton

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    It has long been known that the majority of early-type galaxies contain warm ionized gas producing optical emission lines. These warm ionized gas are spatially extended to kpc scales. Their line ratios satisify the criteria of Low-ionization Nuclear Emission-line Regions (LINERs) on all major line-ratio diagnostic diagrams. However, their ionization mechanism has been hotly debated. Multiple ionization mechanisms can produce the same kind of line ratios, including photoionization by a central AGN, photoionization by hot evolved stars (e.g. post-AGB stars), collisional ionization by fast shocks, photoionization by hot X-ray emitting gas, and conductive heating or turbulent mixing. Therefore, determining the ionization mechanism requires other information.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)135
    Number of pages1
    JournalProceedings of the International Astronomical Union
    Issue numberH16
    StatePublished - 2012

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science


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