The Lived Experience of Being Diagnosed With COVID-19 Among Black Patients: A Qualitative Study

Sainfer Aliyu, Jasmine L. Travers, Allison A. Norful, Michael Clarke, Krista Schroeder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Diagnosis and hospitalization for COVID-19 are disproportionately higher among black persons. The purpose of this study was to explore the lived experience of being diagnosed with COVID-19 among black patients. Semistructured one-on-one interviews with black patients diagnosed with COVID-19 were conducted. Data were analyzed using conventional content analysis and a directed content approach. Fifteen patients participated and 3 themes were identified: Panic amidst a COVID-19 diagnosis, Feeling the repercussion of the diagnosis, and Personal assessment of risks within one’s individual environment. Fear of dying, inadequate health benefits, financial issues, and worries about spreading the virus to loved ones were acknowledged by the patients as critical areas of concerns. Majority of the patients looked to God as the ultimate way of surviving COVID-19. However, none of the patients reported receiving support for spiritual needs from health care providers. This is the first study to investigate the lived experience of being diagnosed with COVID-19 among black patients. Our results highlight several factors that put this group at increased risk for COVID-19 and where additional strategies are needed to address these inadequacies. Integrating public health interventions to reduce socioeconomic barriers and integrating spirituality into clinical care could improve patient care delivery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Patient Experience
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • black patients
  • coronavirus
  • interviews
  • patient experience
  • qualitative studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Leadership and Management
  • Health(social science)

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