The mixing time evolution of Glauber dynamics for the mean-field Ising model

Jian Ding, Eyal Lubetzky, Yuval Peres

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We consider Glauber dynamics for the Ising model on the complete graph on n vertices, known as the Curie-Weiss model. It is well-known that the mixing-time in the high temperature regime (β < 1) has order n log n, whereas the mixing-time in the case β > 1 is exponential in n. Recently, Levin, Luczak and Peres proved that for any fixed β < 1 there is cutoff at time 1/2(1-β)nlog n with a window of order n, whereas the mixing-time at the critical temperature β = 1 is Θ(n 3/2). It is natural to ask how the mixing-time transitions from Θ(n log n) to Θ(n 3/2) and finally to exp (Θ(n)). That is, how does the mixing-time behave when β = β(n) is allowed to tend to 1 as n → ∞. In this work, we obtain a complete characterization of the mixing-time of the dynamics as a function of the temperature, as it approaches its critical point β c = 1. In particular, we find a scaling window of order 1/√n around the critical temperature. In the high temperature regime, β = 1 - δ for some 0 < δ < 1 so that δ 2 n → ∞ with n, the mixing-time has order (n/δ) log(δ 2 n), and exhibits cutoff with constant 1/2 and window size n/δ. In the critical window, β = 1± δ, where δ 2 n is O(1), there is no cutoff, and the mixing-time has order n 3/2. At low temperature, β = 1 + δ for δ > 0 with δ 2 n → ∞ and δ = o(1), there is no cutoff, and the mixing time has order n/δ exp((3/4 + o(1))δ2n).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)725-764
Number of pages40
JournalCommunications In Mathematical Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics


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