TY - JOUR

T1 - The multifractal spectrum of the dissipation field in turbulent flows

AU - Meneveau, C.

AU - Sreenivasan, K. R.

N1 - Funding Information:
We would like to express our thanks to Prof. R. Jensen and Prof. B. Mandelbrot for interestingd iscussionand commentsa t different stages of this work. The work was supportedb y a grant from the National Science Foundationand by DARPA through a University Research Initiative Grant.

PY - 1987/11

Y1 - 1987/11

N2 - It has been pointed out (Mandelbrot 1974) that the turbulent energy dissipation field has to be regarded as a non-homogenous fractal and that other more general quantities than the fractal dimension of its support have to be invoked for describing its scaling (metric) properties completely. This work is an attempt on amplifying this idea by using direct experimental data, and on making proper connections between the multifractal approach (described in section 2) and the traditional language used in the turbulence literature. In the multifractal approach (Frisch & Parisi, 1983), the local behavior of the dissipation rate is described by a fractal power-law. We verify that this is so, and use it to measure the (infinite) set of 'generalized dimensions', and thus obtain the multifractal spectrum f(α) for one-dimensional sections through the dissipation field. Two operational approximations are made: first, for most of the results, a single component of the energy dissipation will be used as a representative of the total dissipation; second, we use Taylor's forzen flow hypothesis. The validity of both these approximations will be briefly assessed. We relate our results to lognormality, velocity structure functions, auto-correlation function of the dissipation rate, Kolmogorov's -5/3 law for the energy spectrum, the skewness and flatness factor of velocity derivatives, as well as to possible improvements in estimating various interface dimensions. We conclude that the multifractal approach provides a useful and unifying framework for describing the scaling properties of the turbulent dissipation field.

AB - It has been pointed out (Mandelbrot 1974) that the turbulent energy dissipation field has to be regarded as a non-homogenous fractal and that other more general quantities than the fractal dimension of its support have to be invoked for describing its scaling (metric) properties completely. This work is an attempt on amplifying this idea by using direct experimental data, and on making proper connections between the multifractal approach (described in section 2) and the traditional language used in the turbulence literature. In the multifractal approach (Frisch & Parisi, 1983), the local behavior of the dissipation rate is described by a fractal power-law. We verify that this is so, and use it to measure the (infinite) set of 'generalized dimensions', and thus obtain the multifractal spectrum f(α) for one-dimensional sections through the dissipation field. Two operational approximations are made: first, for most of the results, a single component of the energy dissipation will be used as a representative of the total dissipation; second, we use Taylor's forzen flow hypothesis. The validity of both these approximations will be briefly assessed. We relate our results to lognormality, velocity structure functions, auto-correlation function of the dissipation rate, Kolmogorov's -5/3 law for the energy spectrum, the skewness and flatness factor of velocity derivatives, as well as to possible improvements in estimating various interface dimensions. We conclude that the multifractal approach provides a useful and unifying framework for describing the scaling properties of the turbulent dissipation field.

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U2 - 10.1016/0920-5632(87)90008-9

DO - 10.1016/0920-5632(87)90008-9

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0002610573

SN - 2405-6014

VL - 2

SP - 49

EP - 76

JO - Nuclear and Particle Physics Proceedings

JF - Nuclear and Particle Physics Proceedings

IS - C

ER -