The Multiple Stigma Experience and Quality of Life in Older Gay Men With HIV

Larry Z. Slater, Linda Moneyham, David E. Vance, James L. Raper, Michael J. Mugavero, Gwendolyn Childs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Older HIV-infected gay men may experience multiple forms of stigma related to sexual orientation (homonegativity), HIV (HIV stigma), and age (ageism), all of which can negatively impact quality of life (QOL). Our purpose was to determine predictors of homonegativity, internalized HIV stigma, and ageism, and stigma experiences that were predictive of QOL. Sixty HIV-infected gay men, ages 50-65 years, participated. Younger age and emotion-focused coping were significantly predictive of homonegativity, accounting for 28% of variance. Younger age, support group participation, medications per day, social support, and emotion-focused coping predicted internalized HIV stigma, accounting for 35% of variance. Problem-focused coping predicted ageism, accounting for 7% of variance. In regression analysis, the three types of stigma accounted for 39% of variance in QOL (homonegativity 19%, internalized HIV stigma 19%, ageism 0.5%). Study findings may help researchers develop interventions to alleviate multiple stigma experiences of HIV-infected older gay men, thus improving QOL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-35
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Gay
  • HIV
  • Quality of life
  • Stigma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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