The omnipresent flux-dependent optical dips of the black hole transient Swift J1357.2-0933

G. Panizo-Espinar, T. Muñoz-Darias, M. Armas Padilla, F. Jiménez-Ibarra, D. Mata Sánchez, I. V. Yanes-Rizo, K. Alabarta, M. C. Baglio, E. Caruso, J. Casares, J. M. Corral-Santana, F. Lewis, D. M. Russell, P. Saikia, J. Sánchez-Sierras, T. Shahbaz, M. A.P. Torres, F. Vincentelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Swift J1357.2-0933 is a black hole transient that is of particular interest due to the optical recurrent dips found during its first two outbursts (in 2011 and 2017), which lack an obvious X-ray equivalent. We present a study based on fast optical photometry during its two most recent outbursts, in 2019 and 2021. Our observations reveal that the optical dips were present in every observed outburst of the source, although they were shallower and showed longer recurrence periods in the two most recent and fainter events. We performed a global study of the dips properties in the four outbursts and found that they do not follow a common temporal evolution. In addition, we discovered a correlation with the X-ray and optical fluxes, with the dips being more profound and showing shorter recurrence periods for brighter stages. This trend seems to extend even to the faintest, quiescent states of the source. We discuss these results in the context of the possible connection between optical dips and outflows found in previous works.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA19
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
StatePublished - Feb 1 2024


  • X-rays: binaries
  • accretion, accretion disks
  • binaries: close
  • stars: black holes
  • stars: individual: Swift J1357.2-0933

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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