The origin of UV/optical emission in the black hole low-mass X-ray binary Swift J1753.5-0127

Pengcheng Yang, Guobao Zhang, David M. Russell, Joseph D. Gelfand, Mariano Mendez, Jiancheng Wang, Ming Lyu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The emission from the accreting black holes (BHs) in low-mass X-ray binaries (LMXBs) covers a broad energy band from radio to X-rays. Studying the correlations between emission in different energy bands during outbursts can provide valuable information about the accretion process. We analyse the simultaneous optical, ultraviolet (UV), and X-ray data of the BH-LMXB Swift J1753.5-0127 during its ∼12-yr long outburst with the Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory. We find that the UV/optical and X-ray emission are strongly correlated during the hard states of the outburst. We fit the relation with a power-law function F UV/optical ∝ F Xβ and find that the power-law index β increases from ∼0.24 to ∼0.33 as the UV/optical wavelength decreases from ∼5402 Å (V) to ∼2030 Å (UVW2). We explore the possible reasons for this and suggest that in Swift J1753.5-0127 the UV/optical emission is dominated by a viscously heated accretion disc at large radii. We find that the data that deviate from the correlation correspond to the low-intensity peaks appeared in the X-ray band during the outburst, and suggest that these deviations are driven by the emission from the inner part of the accretion disc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)234-248
Number of pages15
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1 2022


  • Accretion
  • Accretion discs
  • Stars: black holes
  • X-rays: binaries
  • X-rays: individual: Swift J1753.5-0127

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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