The Plasmodium falciparum translationally controlled tumor protein homolog and its reaction with the antimalarial drug artemisinin

J. Bhisutthibhan, X. Q. Pan, P. A. Hossler, D. J. Walker, C. A. Yowell, J. Carlton, J. B. Dame, S. R. Meshnick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Artemisinin and its derivatives are important new antimalarial drugs. When Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes are incubated with [10- 3H]dihydroartemisinin, several malaria-specific proteins become labeled. One of these proteins is the P. falciparum translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) homolog. In vitro, dihydroartemisinin reacts covalently with recombinant TCTP in the presence of hemin. The association between drug and protein increases with increasing drug concentration, plateauing at approximately 1 drug/TCTP molecule. By Scatchard analysis, there appear to be 2 hemin binding sites on TCTP with dissociation constants of -18 μM. When the single cysteine moiety is blocked by pretreatment with iodoacetamide, hemin binding is not affected, whereas drug binding is reduced by two- thirds. Thus, TCTP reacts with artemisinin in situ and in vitro in the presence of hemin and appears to bind to hemin. The function of the malarial TCTP and the role of this reaction in the mechanism of action of artemisinin await elucidation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16192-16198
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume273
Issue number26
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 26 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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