The potential for microfluidics in electrochemical energy systems

M. A. Modestino, D. Fernandez Rivas, S. M.H. Hashemi, J. G.E. Gardeniers, D. Psaltis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Flow based electrochemical energy conversion devices have the potential to become a prominent energy storage technology in a world driven by renewable energy sources. The optimal design of these devices depends strongly on the tradeoffs between the losses associated with multiple transport processes: convection and diffusion of reactants and products, migration of ionic species, and electrical charge transport. In this article we provide a balanced assessment of the compromise between these losses and demonstrate that for a broad range of electrochemical reactors, the use of microfluidics can enhance the energy conversion efficiency. Moreover, we propose proven scale-up strategies of microelectrochemical reactors which could pave the way to the large scale implementation of energy microfluidic systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3381-3391
Number of pages11
JournalEnergy and Environmental Science
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Pollution


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