The potential for work enforcement: A study of WIN

Lawrence M. Mead

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Given the impediments around them, can welfare recipients be required to work? Most analysts have answered no. They say the recipients are usually kept from employment by socioeconomic barriers, such as insufficient jobs, and the disincentives to work inherent in welfare. Studies of recent AFDC work programs make them look promising but do not directly address the potential for work enforcement. This article, a cross‐sectional study of state WIN programs in 1979, suggests that work requirements could raise work levels substantially despite the impediments. But requirements probably do not improve the quality of jobs recipients are able to get. Therefore, enforcement serves the goal of integration, but to achieve greater economic equality will require additional reforms.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)264-288
    Number of pages25
    JournalJournal of Policy Analysis and Management
    Issue number2
    StatePublished - 1988

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Business, Management and Accounting
    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Public Administration


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