The Power of Place: Social Network Characteristics, Perceived Neighborhood Features, and Psychological Distress Among African Americans in the Historic Hill District in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Karen R. Flórez, Madhumita Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar, Robin Beckman, Kayla de la Haye, Obidiugwu Kenrik Duru, Ana F. Abraído-Lanza, Tamara Dubowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

African American neighborhoods have been historically targeted for urban renewal projects, which impact social composition and resident's health. The Hill District in Pittsburgh, PA is such a neighborhood. This research sought to investigate the extent to which social networks and perceived neighborhood social cohesion and safety were associated with psychological distress among residents in an African American neighborhood undergoing urban renewal, before the implementation of major neighborhood changes. Findings revealed a modest, significant inverse association between social network size and psychological distress (β = −0.006, p <.01), even after controlling for age, employment, education, and income. Perceived neighborhood safety predicted decreased psychological distress (β = −1.438, p <.01), but not social cohesion, which is consistent with past research. Findings suggest that social networks protect against psychological distress, but neighborhood perceptions are also paramount.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-68
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of community psychology
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Keywords

  • African Americans
  • Perceived neighborhood safety
  • Perceived neighborhood social cohesion
  • Pittsburgh, PA
  • Psychological distress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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