The prediction of accurate contraceptive use from attitudes and knowledge

James Jaccard, Donald W. Helbig, Choi K. Wan, Marjorie A. Gutman, Donna C. Kritz-Silverstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A framework of the relationship between knowledge, attitudes, and behavior was described in the context of couple's use of birth control. It was hypothesized that when knowledge of behavioral enactment is present, attitudes and beliefs about susceptibility to pregnancy will be predictive of accurate use of the diaphragm. Respondents were 111 women who participated in a three-wave panel design focusing on diaphragm use. Analyses indicated that the level of knowledge about what a woman should do to use the diaphragm correctly was high. Correct knowledge, however, did not translate into accurate behavior. Motivational factors focusing on attitudes, perceived susceptibility to pregnancy, and normative factors were also relevant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-33
Number of pages17
JournalHealth Education and Behavior
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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