The Present and Future of Robotic Technology in Rehabilitation

Jeffrey Laut, Maurizio Porfiri, Preeti Raghavan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Robotic technology designed to assist rehabilitation can potentially increase the efficiency of, and accessibility to, therapy by assisting therapists to provide consistent training for extended periods of time, and collecting data to assess progress. Automatization of therapy may enable many patients to be treated simultaneously and possibly even remotely, in the comfort of their own homes, through telerehabilitation. The data collected can be used to objectively assess performance and document compliance as well as progress. All of these characteristics can make therapists more efficient in treating larger numbers of patients. Most importantly for the patient, it can increase access to therapy which is often in high demand and rationed severely in today’s fiscal climate. In recent years, many consumer-grade low-cost and off-the-shelf devices have been adopted for use in therapy sessions and methods for increasing motivation and engagement have been integrated with them. This review paper outlines the effort devoted to the development and integration of robotic technology for rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)312-319
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016


  • Gaming
  • Medical devices
  • Patient adherence
  • Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation engineering
  • Robotics
  • Stroke
  • Telerehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)


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