The relationship between stellar populations and Lyα emission in lyman break galaxies

Katherine A. Kornei, Alice E. Shapley, Dawn K. Erb, Charles C. Steidel, Naveen A. Reddy, Max Pettini, Milan Bogosavljević

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present the results of a photometric and spectroscopic survey of 321 Lyman break galaxies (LBGs) at z 3 to investigate systematically the relationship between Lyα emission and stellar populations. Lyα equivalent widths (W Lyα) were calculated from rest-frame UV spectroscopy and optical/near-infrared/Spitzer photometry was used in population synthesis modeling to derive the key properties of age, dust extinction, star formation rate (SFR), and stellar mass. We directly compare the stellar populations of LBGs with and without strong Lyα emission, where we designate the former group (W Lyα≥ 20 ) as Lyα emitters (LAEs) and the latter group (W Lyα< 20 ) as non-LAEs. This controlled method of comparing objects from the same UV luminosity distribution represents an improvement over previous studies in which the stellar populations of LBGs and narrowband-selected LAEs were contrasted, where the latter were often intrinsically fainter in broadband filters by an order of magnitude simply due to different selection criteria. Using a variety of statistical tests, we find that Lyα equivalent width and age, SFR, and dust extinction, respectively, are significantly correlated in the sense that objects with strong Lyα emission also tend to be older, lower in SFR, and less dusty than objects with weak Lyα emission, or the line in absorption. We accordingly conclude that, within the LBG sample, objects with strong Lyα emission represent a later stage of galaxy evolution in which supernovae-induced outflows have reduced the dust covering fraction. We also examined the hypothesis that the attenuation of Lyα photons is lower than that of the continuum, as proposed by some, but found no evidence to support this picture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)693-710
Number of pages18
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume711
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: high-redshift
  • Galaxies: starburst

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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