The risk and protective functions of perceived family and peer microsystems among urban adolescents in poverty

Edward Seidman, Daniel Chesir-Teran, Jennifer L. Friedman, Hirokazu Yoshikawa, LaRu R. Allen, Ann Roberts, J. Lawrence Aber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Utilized a pattern-based approach to discover the different constellations of perceived social transactions separately for family and peer systems and explored the risk and protective functions of these microsystem profiles for both depression and antisocial behavior among a sample of ethnically and racially diverse urban adolescents living in poverty. Measures of perceived social support, involvement and hassles with family and peers, as well as perceived social acceptance and peers' values were entered into two sets of iterative cluster analyses to identify distinct profiles of family and peer transactions. From each of the perceived family and peer transactional analyses, six replicated profiles emerged. Several of the profiles were consistent with expectations from prior literature such as Enmeshing families and Rejecting peer networks, while others were novel and intriguing such as Entangling peers. Family profiles were consistent in their risk and protective associations for both depression and antisocial behavior, while the peer profiles varied in their effects for each developmental outcome. For example, the Rejecting peer profile placed adolescents at increased risk for depression but protected them from antisocial behavior. Implications for future research and preventive intervention are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-237
Number of pages27
JournalAmerican journal of community psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1999


  • Antisocial behavior
  • Family
  • Peers
  • Urban adolescents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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