The risk of HIV infection in a national sample of women with injection drug-using partners

S. Tortu, M. Beardsley, S. Deren, W. R. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives. This study reports on a large, national cohort of women with injection drug-using sex partners. Information is provided on demographic characteristics; human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk factors, including unprotected sex and incidence of sexually transmitted diseases; use of noninjected drugs; HIV serostatus; and other selected health variables. Methods. A sample of 5162 heterosexual women was recruited for a national acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) research and demonstration project. A structured interview was administered, and the women had the option of undergoing HIV testing. Statistical analyses compared three groups on variables of interest: women with single sex partners, women with multiple partners, and women with multiple partners who exchanged sex for drugs and/or money. Results. These groups differed significantly on virtually all of the demographic and risk variables examined. Women with multiple partners who exchanged sex for drugs and/or money were at higher risk for HIV than women in the other groups, even when selected demographic variables were controlled. Conclusions. Research is needed on the efficacy of prevention efforts involving these diverse groups of women at risk for AIDS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1243-1249
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Volume84
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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