The role of authoritative and authoritarian parenting in the early academic achievement of latino students

Yeonwoo Kim, Esther J. Calzada, R. Gabriela Barajas-Gonzalez, Keng Yen Huang, Laurie M. Brotman, Ashley Castro, Catherine Pichardo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Early academic achievement has been shown to predict high school completion, but there have been few studies of the predictors of early academic success focused on Latino students. Using longitudinal data from 750 Mexican and Dominican American families, this study examined a cultural model of parenting and early academic achievement. While Latino students were achieving in the average range as a whole, certain subgroups (e.g., Dominicans, boys) were at higher risk for underachievement. Results highlighted the protective role of authoritative parenting, which was associated with academic and social-emotional school readiness, both of which predicted higher achievement at the end of first grade. The role of respeto and authoritarian parenting practices in academic achievement at first grade differed between Mexican and Dominican American families. Findings advance understanding of early achievement and parenting among Latino families from a cultural perspective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-132
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Educational Psychology
Volume110
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Academic achievement
  • Early childhood
  • Latino students
  • Parenting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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