The Role of Psychopathology in Chronic Headache: Cause or Effect?

Edward B. Blanchard, Cynthia A. Kirsch, Kenneth A. Appelbaum, James Jaccard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


SYNOPSIS The psychological test results (BDI, STAI, PSC, and MMPI Scales 1, 2, 3, and 7) of 492 chronic headache patients were subjected to five analyses in order to test two hypotheses about the relation of headache activity and psychopathology/ personality: (H‐1), that psychopathology “causes” headache; and (H‐2), that headache “causes” psychopathology. No support was found for H‐2. There was modest support for H‐1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-301
Number of pages7
JournalHeadache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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