The Social Neuroscience of Prejudice

David M. Amodio, Mina Cikara

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The social neuroscience approach to prejudice investigates the psychology of intergroup bias by integrating models and methods of neuroscience with the social psychology of prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination. Here, we review major contemporary lines of inquiry, including current accounts of group-based categorization; formation and updating of prejudice and stereotypes; effects of prejudice on perception, emotion, and decision making; and the self-regulation of prejudice. In each section, we discuss key social neuroscience findings, consider interpretational challenges and connections with the behavioral literature, and highlight how they advance psychological theories of prejudice. We conclude by discussing the next-generation questions that will continue to guide the social neuroscience approach toward addressing major societal issues of prejudice and discrimination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)439-469
Number of pages31
JournalAnnual review of psychology
StatePublished - Jan 4 2021


  • ERP
  • bias
  • fMRI
  • prejudice
  • social neuroscience
  • stereotyping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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