The therapeutic design of environments for people with dementia: A review of the empirical research

K. Day, D. Carreon, C. Stump

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Design of the physical environment is increasingly recognized as an important aid in caring for people with dementia. This article reviews the empirical research on design and dementia, including research concerning facility planning (relocation, respite and day care, special care units, group size), research on environmental attributes (noninstitutional character, sensory stimulation, lighting, safety), studies concerning building organization (orientation, outdoor space), and research on specific rooms and activity spaces (bathrooms, toilet rooms, dining rooms, kitchens, and resident rooms). The analysis reveals major themes in research and characterizes strengths and shortcomings in methodology, theoretical conceptualization, and applicability of findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)397-416
Number of pages20
JournalGerontologist
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Architecture
  • Assisted living
  • Nursing homes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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