The use of ultrafiltration and nanofiltration membranes in the treatment of metal-working fluids

Nidal Hilal, Gerald Busca, Nick Hankins, Abdul Wahab Mohammad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Membrane filtration is used for separating oil from water and treating waste metal-working fluids. This work presents two different filtration systems and investigates the possibility of reusing their permeates. The first system consists of an ultrafiltration membrane (UF) followed by a nanofiltration membrane (NF). In this case, two types of PVDF ultrafiltration membranes, of 200 kD and 100 kD molecular weight cut-off, are used. The second system consists of direct filtration of the metal-working fluids by a nanofiltration membrane. Filtration experiments are carried out in a large-scale, semi-batch process of volume 200 1. The performance of each filtration system is discussed and compared. The permeate resulting from each system is used to prepare fresh metal-working fluid, to simulate the reuse of water in the manufacturing process. Characterisation tests, such as foaming and emulsion stability, are compared for the same metal-working emulsion when made with tap water in order to assess the feasibility of such water reuse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-238
Number of pages12
JournalDesalination
Volume167
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2004

Keywords

  • Metal-working fluids
  • Nanofiltration
  • Reuse
  • Ultrafiltration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering

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