The vocabulary and grammar of color patterns

Aleksandra Mojsilović, Jelena Kovačević, Darren Kall, Robert J. Safranek, S. Kicha Ganapathy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We determine the basic categories and the hierarchy of rules used by humans in judging similarity and matching of color patterns. The categories are 1) overall color; 2) directionality and orientation; 3) regularity and placement; 4) color purity; 5) complexity and heaviness. These categories form the pattern vocabulary which is governed by the grammar rules. Both the vocabulary and the grammar were obtained as a result of a subjective experiment. Experimental data were interpreted using multidimensional scaling techniques yielding the vocabulary and the hierarchical clustering analysis, yielding the grammar rules. Finally, we give a short overview of the existing techniques that can be used to extract and measure the elements of the vocabulary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)417-431
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2000


  • Color patterns
  • Image databases
  • Retrieval

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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