We determine the basic categories and the hierarchy of rules used by humans in judging similarity and matching of color patterns. The categories are 1) overall color; 2) directionality and orientation; 3) regularity and placement; 4) color purity; 5) complexity and heaviness. These categories form the pattern vocabulary which is governed by the grammar rules. Both the vocabulary and the grammar were obtained as a result of a subjective experiment. Experimental data were interpreted using multidimensional scaling techniques yielding the vocabulary and the hierarchical clustering analysis, yielding the grammar rules. Finally, we give a short overview of the existing techniques that can be used to extract and measure the elements of the vocabulary.
- Color patterns
- Image databases
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design