The Wright-Constantine Structured Cultural Interview and Integration of Culture Into Case Conceptualization

A. Jordan Wright, M. Michelle Vardanian, Kesia Constantine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Although multicultural counseling competence is crucial to the field of counseling psychology and clinical assessment, there remains a gap in how cultural data can be collected and used in clinical case conceptualization. The present study evaluated the case conceptualizations of doctoral-level trainees and focused on whether the integration of culture into the conceptualizations/formulations was influenced by the use of the Wright-Constantine Structured Cultural Interview (WCSCI), as compared to the use of one of two other cultural interviews (the Patient Cultural Identity Assessment and the DSM-5 Cultural Formulation Interview). Unsurprisingly, clients with minoritized identities and supervisors (but not trainees) with minoritized identities produced case conceptualizations that integrated culture at higher rates. Further, those conceptualizations that utilized the WCSCI were around 3.5 to 4.5 times more likely to integrate culture than those that used one of the other two cultural interviews. Implications for psychology practice are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-61
Number of pages26
JournalCounseling Psychologist
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023


  • case conceptualization
  • cultural assessment
  • diversity
  • multicultural counseling competence
  • psychological assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology


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