The first example of a smart crystalline material, the 2:1 cocrystal of probenecid and 4,4′-azopyridine, which responds reversibly to multiple external stimuli (heat, UV light, and mechanical pressure) by twisting, bending, and elastic deformation without fracture is reported. This material is also able to self-heal on heating and cooling, thereby overcoming the main setbacks of molecular crystals for future applications as crystal actuators. The photo- and thermomechanical effects and self-healing capabilities of the material are rooted in reversible trans–cis isomerization of the azopyridine unit and crystal-to-crystal phase transition. Fairly isotropic intermolecular interactions and interlocked crisscrossed molecular packing secure high elasticity of the crystals.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Angewandte Chemie - International Edition|
|State||Published - Jul 9 2018|
- photomechanical effects
- single crystals
ASJC Scopus subject areas