This paper considers the exact number of character comparisons needed to find all occurrences of a pattern of length m in a text of length n using on-line and general algorithms. For on-line algorithms, a lower bound of about (1 + 9 ÷ 4(m + 1)) · n character comparisons is obtained. For general algorithms, a lower bound of about (1 + 2 ÷ m + 3) · n character comparisons is obtained. These lower bounds complement an on-line upper bound of about (1 + 8 ÷ 3(m + 1)) · n comparisons obtained recently by Cole and Hariharan. The lower bounds are obtained by finding patterns with interesting combinatorial properties. It is also shown that for some patterns off-line algorithms can be more efficient than on-line algorithms.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science(all)