Timing and location of synaptic inputs determine modes of subthreshold integration in striatal medium spiny neurons

Adam G. Carter, Gilberto J. Soler-Llavina, Bernardo L. Sabatini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Medium spiny neurons (MSNs) are the principal cells of the striatum and perform a central role in sensorimotor processing. MSNs must integrate many excitatory inputs located across their dendrites to fire action potentials and enable striatal function. However, the dependence of synaptic responses on the temporal and spatial distribution of these inputs remains unknown. Here, we use whole-cell recordings, two-photon microscopy, and two-photon glutamate uncaging to examine subthreshold synaptic integration in MSNs from acute rat brain slices. We find that synaptic responses can summate sublinearly, linearly, or supralinearly depending on the spatiotemporal pattern of activity. Repetitive activity at single inputs leads to sublinear summation, reflecting long-lived AMPA receptor desensitization. In contrast, asynchronous activity at multiple inputs generates linear summation, with synapses on neighboring spines functioning independently. Finally, synchronous activity at multiple inputs triggers supralinear summation at depolarized potentials, reflecting activation of NMDA receptors and L-type calcium channels. Thus, the properties of subthreshold integration in MSNs are determined by the distribution of synaptic inputs and the differential activation of multiple postsynaptic conductances.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8967-8977
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Issue number33
StatePublished - Jan 15 2007


  • Dendrite
  • Medium spiny neuron
  • Spine
  • Striatum
  • Synaptic integration
  • Two-photon microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


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