TOOKAD® Soluble focal therapy: pooled analysis of three phase II studies assessing the minimally invasive ablation of localized prostate cancer

A. R. Azzouzi, E. Barret, J. Bennet, C. Moore, S. Taneja, G. Muir, A. Villers, J. Coleman, C. Allen, A. Scherz, M. Emberton

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Purpose: To evaluate the 6-month effects of the recommended drug and light dosage in focal vascular-targeted photodynamic therapy (VTP) using TOOKAD® Soluble in patients with localized prostate cancer (LPCa). Methods: We performed a pooled analysis of 117 men with LPCa, PSA <10 ng/mL, and Gleason score ≤7 (3 + 4), from 3 studies who received a 10-min intravenous infusion of a single dose of 4 mg/kg TOOKAD® Soluble, activated by a 753-nm light at 200 J/cm delivered in the prostate by transperineal fibres under transrectal ultrasound guidance. Primary endpoint was 6-month negative biopsies in the treated lobe(s). PSA was measured at month 1, 3, and 6. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed at day 7, month 3, and 6. International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) and adverse events were reported at day 7, month 1, 3, and 6. Results: Month 6 negative biopsy rate was 68.4 % in the overall evaluable population (N = 114) and 80.6 % for patients treated by hemiablation with light density index (LDI) ≥ 1 (N = 67). Mean prostate necroses at week-1 were 76.5 and 86.3 %, respectively. In both groups, PSA levels at month 6 decreased by 2.0 ng/mL. Small changes from baseline for IPSS and IIEF-5 indicated a slight improvement in urinary function and a slight deterioration in sexual function. Conclusions: Focal VTP treatment with TOOKAD® Soluble at 4 mg/kg and 200 J/cm resulted in a negative 6-month biopsy rate of 68.4 % for the whole population and 80.6 % for patients treated by hemiablation with LDI ≥ 1. The treatment was well tolerated. Two phase III studies will reach completion in early 2015.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)945-953
    Number of pages9
    JournalWorld Journal of Urology
    Volume33
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 29 2015

    Keywords

    • Focal therapy
    • Localized prostate cancer
    • Vascular-targeted photodynamic therapy
    • WST11 TOOKAD Soluble

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Urology

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