Toward Microcapsule-Embedded Self-Healing Membranes

Sang Ryoung Kim, Bezawit A. Getachew, Seon Joo Park, Oh Seok Kwon, Won Hee Ryu, André D. Taylor, Joonwon Bae, Jae Hong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We herein report the first instance of a self-healing water treatment membrane that restores its water flux and particle rejection properties autonomously. The self-healing membrane is fabricated by embedding microcapsules with a polyurethane shell and an isophorone diisocyanate core within a conventional poly(ether sulfone) membrane. A dual-surfactant system and polydopamine coating were used to control the size of these microcapsules and avoid capsule buckling. When the membrane structure is physically damaged, the microcapsules release a reactive isocyanate healing agent that reacts with the surrounding water to form a polyurea matrix that plugs the damage. The self-healing was found to recover the water flux and particle rejection of the membrane to 103 and 90% of the original membrane's performance, respectively. The results of this study show that microcapsule-embedded membranes are a promising approach to fabricating versatile, next-generation membranes that can self-heal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)216-221
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology Letters
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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  • Cite this

    Kim, S. R., Getachew, B. A., Park, S. J., Kwon, O. S., Ryu, W. H., Taylor, A. D., Bae, J., & Kim, J. H. (2016). Toward Microcapsule-Embedded Self-Healing Membranes. Environmental Science and Technology Letters, 3(5), 216-221. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.estlett.6b00046