Towards Energy Efficient Mobile Wireless Receivers above 100 GHz

Panagiotis Skrimponis, Navid Hosseinzadeh, Abbas Khalili, Elza Erkip, Mark J.W. Rodwell, James F. Buckwalter, Sundeep Rangan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Wireless communication above 100 GHz offers the potential for massive data rates and has attracted considerable attention for Beyond 5G and 6G systems. A key challenge in the receiver design in these bands is power consumption, particularly for mobile and portable devices. This paper provides a general methodology for understanding the trade-offs of power consumption and end-to-end performance of a large class of potential receivers for these frequencies. The framework is applied to the design of a fully digital 140 GHz receiver with a 2 GHz sample rate, targeted for likely 6G cellular applications. Design options are developed for key RF components including the low noise amplifier (LNA), mixer, local oscillator (LO) and analog-digital converter (ADC) in 90 nm SiGe BiCMOS. The proposed framework, combined with detailed circuit and system simulations, is then used to select among the design options for the overall optimal end-to-end performance and power tradeoff. The analysis reveals critical design choices and bottlenecks. It is shown that optimizing these critical components can enable a dramatic 70 to 80% power reduction relative to a standard baseline design enabling fully-digital 140 GHz receivers with RF power consumption less than 2 W.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9294107
Pages (from-to)20704-20716
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 2021


  • 5G
  • 6G
  • Energy efficiency
  • Terahertz
  • millimeter wave
  • mobile communication
  • nonlinear systems
  • optimization methods
  • power optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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