Transfer of research-based HIV prevention interventions to community service providers: Fidelity and adaptation

Jeffrey A. Kelly, Timothy G. Heckman, L. Yvonne Stevenson, Paul N. Williams, Thom Ertl, Robert B. Hays, Noelle R. Leonard, Lydia O'Donnell, Martha A. Terry, Ellen D. Sogolow, Mary Spink Neumann

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


HIV prevention research interventions usually follow protocols with specific procedures. If a community-delivered intervention uses the same procedures with the same populations as those in the original research, the behavior change effects should be similar. However, community-based providers may not replicate an intervention exactly as it was conducted in the effectiveness study. Adaptation may be needed to better meet the needs of the clients, community, or organization. We propose that interventions can be defined in terms of core elements likely to be responsible for effectiveness. These core elements cannot be changed without fundamentally changing the intervention, whereas other characteristics may be modified without altering effectiveness. HIV prevention researchers and service providers can collaborate to develop interventions that not only are effective but can also be successfully implemented by service organizations. If researchers actively involve service providers and community members in intervention planning, technology transfer goals can be better achieved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-98
Number of pages12
JournalAIDS Education and Prevention
Issue number5 SUPPL.
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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