Research has shown that the activation and application of a significant-other representation to a new person, or transference, occurs in everyday social perception (S.M. Andersen & A. Baum, 1994; S.M. Andersen & S.W. Cole, 1990). Using a combined idiographic and nomothetic experimental paradigm, two studies examined the role of chronic accessibility of significant-other representations in transference. After learning about 4 fictional people, 1 of whom resembled a significant other, participants' recognition memory was assessed. Both studies showed greater false-positive memory in the significant-other condition, relative to control, even in the absence of priming. Study 2 showed that although the effect was greater when the significant-other representation was concretely applicable to the target information, it occurred even when no such applicability was present. Results implicate the chronic accessibility of significant-other representations in transference.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Psychology
- Sociology and Political Science