Transgender Standardized Patient Simulation: Management of an Oncological Emergency

Eda Ozkara San, Rhonda Maneval, Randy E. Gross, Patricia Myers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: This article describes the development process of Transgender Standardized Patient Simulation (TSPS) as an innovative cultural competence education and its pilot testing as part of the students’ program of study. The multidimensional education strategy, TSPS, aimed to improve students’ knowledge, skills, attitudes, and confidence in providing culturally sensitive care to a transgender patient experiencing an oncological emergency. Methodology: The design of the TSPS followed the cultural competence and confidence model and international simulation guidelines. Content validity of the TSPS was established. As our usual simulation assessment survey, the adapted simulation effectiveness tool–modified was used to evaluate if the TSPS met with students’ learning need. Results: Participants (n = 32) strongly agreed that the TSPS met with their learning expectations and needs and improved their ability to provide culturally sensitive care. Discussion: Training and practice in this area is much needed and well-received by nursing students and faculty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)627-635
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Transcultural Nursing
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019


  • SP
  • SP simulation
  • culturally competent nursing care
  • oncological emergency management
  • simulation best practices
  • standardized patient
  • transgender
  • transgender care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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