Translating infection control guidelines into practice: Implementation process within a health care institution

Victoria H. Raveis, Laurie J. Conway, Mayuko Uchida, Monika Pogorzelska-Maziarz, Elaine L. Larson, Patricia W. Stone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Health-care-associated infections (HAIs) remain a major patient safety problem even as policy and programmatic efforts designed to reduce HAIs have increased. Although information on implementing effective infection control (IC) efforts has steadily grown, knowledge gaps remain regarding the organizational elements that improve bedside practice and accommodate variations in clinical care settings. We conducted in-depth, semistructured interviews in 11 hospitals across the United States with a range of hospital personnel involved in IC (n = 116). We examined the collective nature of IC and the organizational elements that can enable disparate groups to work together to prevent HAIs. Our content analysis of participants' narratives yielded a rich description of the organizational process of implementing adherence to IC. Findings document the dynamic, fluid, interactional, and reactive nature of this process. Three themes emerged: implementing adherence efforts institution-wide, promoting an institutional culture to sustain adherence, and contending with opposition to the IC mandate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)551-560
Number of pages10
JournalQualitative Health Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2014


  • content analysis
  • health care, culture of
  • illness and disease, infectious
  • quality improvement
  • safety, patient

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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