This paper addresses the problem of the optimal coastal protection area against sea level rise by utilizing fine-grained homogeneous segments, namely, operational landscape units (OLUs). The approach is demonstrated through a case study application focused on San Mateo County and Santa Clara County in the San Francisco Bay Area. We use the Coastal Storm Modelling System (CoSMoS) for detailed predictions of coastal flooding and inundation of bay-shore segments. The result of these hydrodynamic interactions leads to transportation network disruptions that, in turn, lead to changes in traffic flow patterns. Specifically, under a 0.5-m sea level rise scenario that is expected to occur in 2054, we forecast transportation network disruptions due to the inundation from the sea level rise and assess the impacts of protecting OLUs in the two counties of interest in terms of travel time delay reduction over the entire San Francisco Bay Area. We use agent-based traffic simulation (MATSim) with a daily activity list for 500,000 commuters. Finally, our results identify the most critical OLUs in San Mateo County and Santa Clara County. We conclude that the optimal coastal segment protection strategies depend strongly on the hydrodynamic interactions between neighboring counties and OLUs and on the traffic flow patterns after inundations. In forthcoming studies, long-term land use pattern change should be considered to establish protection strategies of coastal areas.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of Infrastructure Systems|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2019|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering