Seventy-five intact, volunteer couples were assigned to either a gender- specific or a conjoint 14-week group treatment for psychological and physical aggression. Participants from both treatments significantly reduced their psychological and physical aggression, at both posttreatment and 1-year follow-up. During treatment, husbands reduced their psychological aggression by 47%, their moderate physical aggression by 55%, and their severe physical aggression by 51%. Although two-thirds of the husbands maintained cessation of severe aggression during the year following treatment, only one-fourth of the husbands were violence-free. Very similar cessation and maintenance rates were obtained for wives. Significant improvements at posttreatment and follow-up were also found for both spouses' marital adjustment, husbands' taking responsibility for aggression, and wives' depression. No differential effect of treatment type was found, except that, as predicted, husbands in conjoint treatment improved more on marital adjustment. Neither form of treatment was superior to the other in terms of safety and effectiveness for volunteer, intact, and physically aggressive couples.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Psychology