Tweeting identity? Ukrainian, Russian, and #Euromaidan

Megan MacDuffee Metzger, Richard Bonneau, Jonathan Nagler, Joshua A. Tucker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Why and when do group identities become salient? Existing scholarship has suggested that insecurity and competition over political and economic resources as well as increased perceptions of threat from the out-group tend to increase the salience of ethnic identities. Most of the work on ethnicity, however, is either experimental and deals with how people respond once identity has already been primed, is based on self-reported measures of identity, or driven by election results. In contrast, here we examine events in Ukraine from late 2013 (the beginning of the Euromaidan protests) through the end of 2014 to see if particular moments of heightened political tension led to increased identification as either "Russian" or "Ukrainian" among Ukrainian citizens. In tackling this question, we use a novel methodological approach by testing the hypothesis that those who prefer to use Ukrainian to communicate on Twitter will use Ukrainian (at the expense of Russian) following moments of heightened political awareness and those who prefer to use Russian will do the opposite. Interestingly, our primary finding in is a negative result: we do not find evidence that key political events in the Ukrainian crisis led to a reversion to the language of choice at the aggregate level, which is interesting given how much ink has been spilt on the question of the extent to which Euromaidan reflected an underlying Ukrainian vs. Russian conflict. However, we unexpectedly find that both those who prefer Russian and those who prefer Ukrainian begin using Russian with a greater frequency following the annexation of Crimea, thus contributing a whole new set of puzzles - and a method for exploring these puzzles - that can serve as a basis for future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-40
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Comparative Economics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016


  • #Euromaidan
  • 052
  • D7
  • Identity
  • Language
  • P16
  • Protest
  • Social media
  • Ukraine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics


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