Two-Stage Determinants of the Organic Food Retailing Landscape: The Case of Manhattan, New York

Carolyn Dimitri, Jacqueline Geoghegan, Stephanie Rogus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Retail sales of organic food products have been increasing faster than any other category of food and have penetrated mainstream retail grocery outlets. The majority of the literature on organic markets explores the socioeconomic characteristics of consumers, linking these traits to the probability of buying organic food, and it suggests that access to organic food is an important but overlooked factor in such studies. More recently, research focusing on food retailer marketing strategies for organic food finds that traditional strategies such as price promotions are largely unsuccessful with increasing sales for the organic food consumer. This article focuses on the retailer decision to offer organic food for sale. We model the decision as a two-stage process, where the retailer’s first decision is whether to sell organic food, and the second decision determines how many different organic products to offer for sale. In doing so, by using data collected in stores, we assess the organic food retail landscape in Manhattan, NY. We find that the decision to offer organic food for sale depends on the neighborhood socioeconomic characteristics, and the amount of organic food offered for sale depends on the size of the store.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)221-238
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Food Products Marketing
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 17 2017


  • Food retail availability
  • Manhattan
  • organic food
  • organic food landscape
  • spatial distribution of food

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Business and International Management
  • Marketing


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