Introduction: We conducted a pilot study to examine the work environments of Mexican nurses using an internationally comparable instrument. Methods: We used the Spanish version of the Practice Environment Scale of the Nurses Work Index for the cross-sectional pilot study. Using both online and paper-based data collection methods, we recruited Mexican nurses from five sites around the country to participate. The study took place betwen 2011 and 2013. Principal component analysis analyzed the reliability and validity of the instrument in the Mexican context. Results: The Mexican Spanish translation of the instrument produced five factors which differed from the original factor loadings. Nonetheless, the instrument proved capable of differentiating problematic from non-problematic areas of the work environments of Mexican nurses. Conclusions: The Mexican Spanish verison of the instrument can be successfully used to evaluate nurses’ work environments in Mexican hospitals.
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