Understanding the role of the professional practice environment on quality of care in magnet® and non-magnet hospitals

Amy Witkoski Stimpfel, Jennifer E. Rosen, Matthew D. McHugh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between Magnet Recognition® and nurse-reported quality of care. BACKGROUND: Magnet® hospitals are recognized for nursing excellence and quality patient outcomes; however, few studies have explored contributing factors for these superior outcomes. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of linked nurse survey data, hospital administrative data, and a listing of American Nurses Credentialing Center Magnet hospitals. Multivariate regressions were modeled before and after propensity score matching to assess the relationship between Magnet status and quality of care. A mediation model assessed the indirect effect of the professional practice environment on quality of care. RESULTS: Nurse-reported quality of care was significantly associated with Magnet Recognition after matching. The professional practice environment mediates the relationship between Magnet status and quality of care. CONCLUSION: A prominent feature of Magnet hospitals, a professional practice environment that is supportive of nursing, plays a role in explaining why Magnet hospitals have better nurse-reported quality of care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-16
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nursing Administration
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management

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