Understanding the Significance of Cybersecurity in the Construction Industry: Survey Findings

Borja García De Soto, Žiga Turk, Abel MacIel, Bharadwaj Mantha, Alexandru Georgescu, Muammer Semih Sonkor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Analogous to Industry 4.0, we have the advent of Construction 4.0, a transformative process wherein digital technology and digitalization affect every phase of the life cycle of construction projects, from the design and contracting phase to the construction, operation, maintenance, upgrade, and decommissioning ones. The progress of digitalization has been uneven, as has been the recognition of the new security environment in which the architecture, engineering, construction, and operation (AECO) industry operates. Hackers for profit, disloyal competitors, disgruntled insiders, or even state agents employing hybrid warfare all utilize cyber means to achieve goals that can disrupt processes, corrupt information, interrupt operations, and cause significant material damage or even loss of human life. Starting from recognizing the paucity of studies in this field, this paper analyzes the results from a survey on cybersecurity awareness in the AECO industry. The analyses employed statistical methods such as t-test, Spearman's rank correlation test, and ANOVA to test the hypotheses formulated to answer the research questions of the study. The resulting data are commented upon and placed in the context of an evolving industry confronted with the shock of the new security environment, while also moving forward on Construction 4.0 as a creator of added value, new efficiencies, and new capabilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number04022095
JournalJournal of Construction Engineering and Management
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2022


  • Awareness
  • Construction 4.0
  • Cybersecurity
  • Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Industrial relations
  • Strategy and Management


Dive into the research topics of 'Understanding the Significance of Cybersecurity in the Construction Industry: Survey Findings'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this