Unhealthy interactions: The role of stereotype threat in health disparities

Joshua Aronson, Diana Burgess, Sean M. Phelan, Lindsay Juarez

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Stereotype threat is the unpleasant psychological experience of confronting negative stereotypes about race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, or social status. Hundreds of published studies show how the experience of stereotype threat can impair intellectual functioning and interfere with test and school performance. Numerous published interventions derived from this research have improved the performance and motivation of individuals targeted by low-ability stereotypes. Stereotype threat theory andresearchprovideauseful lens for understanding and reducing the negative health consequences of interracial interactions for African Americans and members of similarly stigmatized minority groups. Here we summarize the educational outcomes of stereotype threat and examine the implications of stereotype threat for health and healthrelatedbehaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-56
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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